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Ikat from West Sumba, Sumba, Indonesia

023 Sumba, West Sumba

Hanggi (blanket)  magnifier

Origin: Sumba, West Sumba
Locale: Kodi region.
Period: 1960
Yarn: Cotton, hand-spun, medium
Technique: Warp ikat
Panels: 2
Size: 109 x 219 cm (3' 6" x 7' 2")
Design: Hanggi ngoko, also called hanggi wolo remba. Field covered in characteristic python skin pattern, called rembe, and mamuli, earrings. The use of mamuli points to creation by a weaver of a noble lineage. Two lengthwise bands with diamond pattern called, mata kari, or buffalo eye. Endings with kiku rate, lizard tail motif.
Comment: Vintage hanggi ngoko, blanket, in fine condition. Indigo slightly faded but strong enough to make this a piece expressive of strength and self-confidence. This impression is reinforced by the absence of yellow or yellowish brown accents that are often painted in on these cloths after the weaving. The cloth is either named hanggi ngoko, after the python, ngoko, or hanggi wolo remba, after wolo, ikat, and remba, netting. The cloth has a robust feel, something appreciated by the Kodinese.
Background: Additional information in chapters on Sumba and West Sumba.
Compare: 073
Literature: Very similar to Gittinger, Splendid Symbols, Fig. 121; Khan Majlis, Indonesische Textilien, Wege zu Goettern und Ahnen, Fig. 420; and Voelger and Von Welck, Indonesian Textiles, Page 36, Photo 2. See also Metropolitan Museum of Art, accession no. 1999.47.160, and Robyn Maxwell, Textiles of Southeast Asia, Fig. 88, an especially fine example from the Australian National Gallery, No. 1987.1817. The latter three have accents in an ochre yellow, unknown whether ikated or dabbed in.
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