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Ikat from Toraja, Sulawesi, Indonesia

201 Sulawesi, Toraja

Sekomandi (shroud)

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Origin: Sulawesi, Toraja
Locale: Galumpang.
Period: Late 19th - early 20th c.
Yarn: Cotton, hand spun, single-ply and double-ply
Technique: Warp ikat
Panels: 4
Size: 182 x 250 cm (5' 11" x 8' 2")
Weight: 1290 g (45.5 oz), 284 g/m2 (0.93 oz/ft2)
Design: Elongated interlocking motifs called lelesepun, which represent ancestors.
Comment: Sekomandi could be used both as ceremonial sarong and as shroud. Strong tonality and patterning full of tension give this piece a powerful presence. The field was done in double-ply hand spun cotton; the borders in single ply-handspun. Beautiful state of preservation with pleasant patina. Note that in literature shrouds with lelesepun patterning are sometimes called referred to as lelesepun.
Background: For additional information see chapter on Sulawesi and/or Toraja.
Compare: 064 065 066 067 214
Literature: Nearly identical to 19th C. seko mandi in Dallas Museum of Art, Nr. 1983.126, depicted in Alpert, Eyes of the Ancestors, Plate 65; and to one in Yale Art Gallery, Nr. 110739. Very similar to early 20th C. example in Krefeld Textil Museum, Nr. 16008, depicted in Khan Majlis, Indonesische Textilien, Wege zu Goettern und Ahnen, Fig. 746. Also very similar to one described as lelesepun in Kahlenberg, Textile Traditions of Indonesia, Fig. 24; and to seko mandi in Holmgren and Spertus, Early Indonesian Textiles, Fig. 25., which has an excellent article on the meaning and ancient origin of the motifs.
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