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Ikat from Bangka, Sumatra, Indonesia
 

147 Sumatra, Bangka


Limar (shawl)  magnifier



Origin: Sumatra, Bangka
Locale: Probably Muntuk on Bangka, less likely Palembang on Sumatra. Malay people.
Period: 1850-1900
Yarn: Silk, hand spun
Technique: Weft ikat
Panels: 1
Size: 90 x 229 cm (35.4 x 90.1)
Design: Kain limar, shoulder cloth in fine silk for married woman of high standing. Most likely from Muntok on the offshore island Bangka, else from Palembang region on Sumatra. Central field, badan, decorated in ikat with motifs that represent highly stylized Garuda wings - intentionally made unrecognizable as Islam forbids depiction of people and animals. The field is elaborately framed in songket benang mas, supplementary weft in gold thread. Tumpal style end borders.
Comment: Outstanding example of the traditional high status shoulder cloth of this region. A masterpiece in immaculate condition. The predominance of creamy yellow tones speaks for provenance from Bangka rather than Palembang. Natural dyes. This type of red is called merah pulasan, after pulasan fruit (wild rambutan), or merah ikan, after the blood of fish.
Background: For additional information see chapter on Sumatra and/or Bangka.
Exhibited: Museu do Oriente, Lisbon, 2014/15
Published: Peter ten Hoopen, Woven Languages, 2014
Compare: 069 070 205
Literature: Very similar to limar in Hunt and Kahlenberg, Five Centuries of Indonesian Textiles, p. 94; and to one in Brinkgreve and Stuart-Fox, Living with Indonesian Art, Fig. 98. Pattern of ikated field nearly identical to that of limar in Völger and Von Welck, , Appendix, Fig. 44, though its songket borders are simpler. See also Khan Majlis, Wege zu Goettern und Ahnen, Fig. 110, 114, 116. Also Gittinger, Splendid Symbols, Fig. 65. Very similar to National Gallery of Australia NGA2000.808, also to NGA2000.904 and NGA2000.870, and to Boston Museum of Fine Arts, nr. 30.821.
  
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